A Weekly Update from the Red River Farm Network
Friday, July 26, 2019
Show and Tell- The Red River Farm Network serves one of the most productive agricultural areas in the world. We get to show that off this week as we host our sixth annual Know Your Farmer Tour. A dozen representatives of the advertising agency world will experience modern-day agriculture and network with area growers and agribusiness professionals. We’ll walk fields, see the big equipment and celebrate the agricultural diversity in this region. It will be a fun and educational week.
AgMarket.Net Evaluates ’19 Corn Crop – With so many questions about the 2019 crop, the farm division of John Stewart and Associates has completed a project to determine unharvestable corn acres and the health of the crop. The group flew airplanes from eastern Ohio to Fort Dodge, Iowa, covering more than 157,000 acres. High resolution photos were taken every 25 miles. With this project, www.agmarket.net forecasts U.S. harvested acres to be 79.6 million acres. That’s four million acres below the latest USDA number. While that data can be debated, hedging strategist Bill Biedermann said the maturity of this crop in the Eastern Cornbelt is a bigger issue. “In some areas, they’ll need to get into November without a frost,” said Biedermann. “They (the trade) have not realized the magnitude (of the problem). The aerial photos were taken just a few days ago. The photos and this report can be found online.
Corn Pollination in the I-States Still a Couple Weeks Away – Top Third Ag Marketing market analyst Ed Duggan says corn pollination in Illinois and Indiana is still a couple of weeks off. “In Illinois, I think we’re going to be into the first week of August,” says Duggan. “Most of the corn in Iowa got planted at a reasonable time, so that could pollinate first.” Duggan says several areas are a lot further behind. “South Dakota, Indiana and Ohio crops are so far behind we just have to pray for a full growing season.”
An Early Fall Frost – Yes or No? – There is talk that an early frost could be in the fall forecast. Some forecasters say yes, while others say no. That fall forecast is challenging to accurately forecast. According to Nutrien Senior Atmospheric Scientist Eric Snodgrass, it can be nearly impossible to predict even three to five days in advance. “I’m in a bit of a different camp,” says Snodgrass. “If neither El Nino or La Nina are present, the risk for a cooler fall goes down. Right now we’re starting to lose El Nino.” Snodgrass goes on to say the second component to the fall forecast is the long-range European model. “The trend in that model is toward warmer conditions for October. So, I’ve seen this and El Nino weakening, which is making me worry less about an early frost to wipe out the crop.”
End-Users May Want to Put a Lid on Costs – While the futures market has paid very little attention to planting delays and the lack of crop maturity, Kerns and Associates economist Dr. Steve Meyer says the story is with the basis. “There are places in the Eastern Corn Belt that are 75 over for basis. There may not be any under basis in the United States given the problem we’ve had with this crop.” End-users, like ethanol plants and hog farms, may want to lock in their supplies now. “Given where it is right now, I don’t know if there is a lot of bottom side to this thing. Strategies that would put a lid on your costs and leave the bottom side open would be pretty smart, especially if you can execute them for cents per bushel and that’s out there. I think producers ought to be talking to their marketing advisors about that kind of strategy.”
What’s Hot, What’s Not in the Markets – Friday’s rally is one of the things that is hot in this market. In this week’s edition of What’s Hot, What’s Not in the Markets, Advance Trading risk management advisor Tommy Grisafi highlights news in the corn, soybean, wheat and outside markets.
Chinese Buyers Seek Tariff Exemptions – According to state media, Chinese importers are applying to the government to lift tariffs on some U.S. agricultural products. The news report said the importers are trying to meet local demand for these products. It is not known what products might be involved. This action may be in response to a decision by the United States to remove 110 Chinese export items from its own tariff list earlier this month.
Cramer Remains Optimistic about USMCA Ratification – North Dakota Senator Kevin Cramer is optimistic about the U.S. Mexico Canada Agreement being ratified this year. “I think House lawmakers do feel a sense of urgency to get things done. A number of farm-state Democrats are starting to flex their muscles and say they need to win re-election too.” Cramer says the Trump administration is trying to meet the concerns of Democrats. In the USMCA, Cramer would like to see fairness for U.S. wheat exports. Cramer sent a letter to chief agricultural negotiator Gregg Doud in early July, asking for ways to address the ongoing conflict with Canada. “We still have some work to do, but at least they are open to it.”
Perdue to be Featured at Farmfest – Farmfest has announced Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue will make an appearance at the Minnesota trade show Wednesday, August 7. Perdue will participate in a House Agriculture Committee Listening Session, which is being hosted by Chairman Collin Peterson. Farmfest is held near Redwood Falls August 6-8.
Ethanol, RFS and More Addressed at Corn Congress – A combination of business and policy are part of the National Corn Growers Association’s Corn Congress, held last week in Washington D.C. Madelia, Minnesota farmer and past president of the Minnesota Corn Growers Association Harold Wolle attended the event. In business meetings, NCGA approved language to uphold President Trump on his commitments on the Renewable Fuel Standard. “Small refinery exemptions are being granted to refineries, destroying demand for ethanol. We wanted to raise that up to administration officials.” Local farmers attending Corn Congress met with all Minnesota lawmakers and USDA officials like Farm Service Agency administrator Richard Fordyce and Chief Agricultural Negotiator Gregg Doud.
Fed Reviews Ag Economy – The latest Federal Reserve Beige Book report on the U.S. economy highlights continuing concern about trade. The farm financial situation is also a worry. The Minneapolis Fed said agricultural conditions worsened from an already weak position in this past month. Heavy rainfall and planting delays were considerations. The poor growing season was cited in many Fed districts. Historic flooding on the Mississippi River and its impact on ag shipments was highlighted by the St. Louis district. On the livestock side, the report said cattle prices have dropped. Struggling dairy operations are also sending more cows to slaughter, which is contributing to lower cattle prices.
Mainstreet Index Above Growth Neutral – A monthly survey of rural bankers highlights positive growth for the farm economy. The Creighton University’s Rural Mainstreet Index rose above growth neutral for the sixth time in the past seven months. In the past month, the farmland price index improved in North Dakota, Minnesota and South Dakota. However, more than a quarter of the bank CEOs surveyed said loan defaults are on the rise.
MN Ag Commissioner Sees the Ag Economy as a Top State Issue – Minnesota Agriculture Commissioner Thom Petersen, along with Assistant Commissioners Whitney Place and Patrice Bailey, made several stops in the region on Monday. The day began with a stop at the Red River Farm Network studios. Petersen says one goal of the Walz Administration is for the commissioners to frequently travel the state. Peterson sees the state of the agricultural economy as a top issue in Minnesota. “Farm income in 2018 was the lowest it had been in 23 years,” says Petersen. “Part of our mission is how do we improve the lives of farmers. The weather, trade – everything just compounds that.” The MDA officials met with potato growers in East Grand Forks Monday morning. That afternoon, they visited Far North Spirits at Hallock, the CHS canola processing plant at Kennedy and Habstritt Seed Company and Magnusson Research Farm at Roseau.
MN Corn Matters – There is a new e-newsletter available for Minnesota farmers. Learn more from Minnesota Corn Growers Association Public Relations Manager Brent Renneke in this edition of Corn Matters.
H-2A Reform Proposed – The U.S. Labor Department is proposing a change to the H-2A visa program for farm workers. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue praised the move, saying it will increase access to a stable and legal workforce. The proposed changes include streamlining and simplifying the application process, as well as tweaks to regulations within the H-2A program. Perdue also asked for the USDA web portal to have applications available for farmers, with one completed application sent to both the Departments of Labor and Homeland Security.
Dry Bean Scene – Now is the time during the growing season to be scouting for insects in dry beans. So far, reports of potato leaf hopper and grasshoppers are coming in. Get the details in this week’s Dry Bean Scene, made possible by the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, UPL, FMC, Central Valley Bean Co-op, SRS Commodities and Johnstown Bean Company.
Minnesota Beef Update – In its 39th year, the Minnesota State Cattlemen’s Association Summer Tour was once again a success. Get a tour recap from Ashley Kohls, MSCA executive director, in the Minnesota Beef Update.
July COF Numbers in Line with Expectations – Friday’s Cattle on Feed report was in line with expectations. According to USDA, there are 11.5 million cattle of feed for slaughter as of July 1. That is a two percent increase from one year ago and the highest July 1 inventory since 1996. The inventory included just over seven million steers, down two percent from 2018. Heifers accounted for 4.4 million head, up eight percent from last year. Placements were down two percent from 2019. Marketings of fed cattle during June were down three percent from one year ago.
No Change in Cattle Inventory Report – The semi-annual USDA cattle inventory report left cattle numbers unchanged from 2018. The number of beef cows was unchanged, while the dairy cow inventory declined one percent. The number of heifers retained as beef cow replacements declined four percent. The dairy replacement heifer numbers are down two percent.
Strong Demand for High Quality, New Crop Hay – Badger, Minnesota farmer Shayne Isane is waiting to cut his second hay crop of the year. While the first cutting was high-quality, over five inches of rain since July 1 is creating challenges. Isane says the second crop has potential, but a dry stretch of weather is needed. “Nice green hay without rain is something we always strive for. We generally shoot for 150 or better in the relative feed value index.” The wet and cool weather in the first half of the growing season for most of the Midwest delayed forage production. Isane says this is limiting supplies of high quality, new crop hay. “That is the reason we’ve seen strong prices not only now, but throughout the winter. We expect the good prices to continue as the wet weather continues in parts of Wisconsin, southern Minnesota and Iowa where our hay goes.” Listen to the story.
The Sugarbeet Report – In the Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar Cooperative grower area, Vice President of Agriculture Todd Geselius says soils are finally starting to dry out. Get the details in the Sugarbeet Report, made possible by SESVanderHave, Syngenta, Premium Ag Solutions, H&S Manufacturing and Corteva Agriscience.
Pioneer Agronomy Update from Crookston, MN – Pioneer soybean breeder Nadia Krasheninnik says there are some concerns about variability in soybean fields. It was a tough spring across the region. “There was some delay in soybean growth. Now, I think the plots are starting to catch up. Iron deficiency chlorosis came and went,” says Krasheninnik. “Now, the majority of the fields are starting to look healthy.” Krasheninnik is also using drone technology to look at soybean traits. Watch the live update on Facebook.
Flooded Fields Could Be Troublesome for Weeds – NDSU Extension weed scientist Joe Ikley says flooded spots in fields could be troublesome for late season weed control. “We’ve opened up canopies in the flooded areas. Waterhemp can germinate and go to seed this time of the year still,” says Ikley. “Watch out for pigweeds. The pigweeds that haven’t been flooded out have been putting on seed heads. Overall, waterhemp will likely be the biggest challenge in the Red River Valley.” There are some best management practices to control those drowned out spots. Ikley says the biggest challenge is in corn fields where getting a sprayer to is difficult. “2,4-D can be applied in corn after brown silk. The issue there is just the weed size at the crop stage.”
Wheat Harvest Starting Soon in South Dakota – The winter wheat harvest will begin this week in South Dakota. Ideal, SD farmer Clint Vanneman says the wheat is in good shape, but could use a week or two of dry weather for harvest. Harvest is already about te days behind one year ago. “There’s some nice wheat in the country,” says Vanneman. “It could be a concern if things stay wet, but yields could be pretty respectable.” This Harvest Hotline update is made possible by U.S. Custom Harvesters Incorporated, the North Dakota Mill and AgCountry Farm Credit Services.
Praise for the Wheat Crop – The condition of the wheat crop across the region is generally good. “We’re fully headed, even on the late wheat now,” said Jay Nord, who farms at Wolverton, Minnesota farmer. “A lot of wheat laid down with the recent rain, but it has mostly come up.”
Western ND Farmers Unsure of Plans for the Winter Wheat – Based in Bowbells, North Dakota, Dakota Agronomy Partners sales agronomist Austin Nyhof says there is some winter wheat in the area. “There are a few farmers with =winter wheat, but they aren’t sure of the plans for it. When it was dry, they planned to hay some of it. Those plans might change as the days go on.” The winter wheat in the Bowbells area should ready to harvest in a few weeks.
SD Corn Comments – Conservation and agriculture certainly go hand in hand. Most decisions made by the modern-day food producer involve soil health. Hear more in this week’s Corn Comments, a feature from the South Dakota Corn Utilization Council.
Radishes Can Be a Host for Clubroot – Clubroot research in canola continues at the Langdon Research Extension Center. LREC plant pathologist Venkat Chapara is verifying management strategies learned from Saskatchewan work in North Dakota. Chapara says some cover crops can be a host for clubroot. “Radishes are very susceptible. If you aren’t using canola for awhile, but use radishes for a cover crop, you’re probably still propagating the pathogen in the soils,” says Chapara. “Be sure to soil test and use a varietal resistance.”
LREC Research Focuses on Flea Beetles – Langdon Research Extension Center cropping systems specialist Lesley Lubenow is taking a look at the impact of flea beetles on canola. Lubenow is researching the economic injury levels versus economic thresholds. “We want to spray the bugs before they hurt the yield. In order to determine that, you need to know the tipping point of when injury equals yield loss.” Lubenow is finding economic injury at much lower numbers than expected in the early trials.
ND Ag Dept. Surveying Farmers on Possible Dicamba Damage – The North Dakota Department of Agriculture is surveying farmers about possible dicamba-related crop damage. Agriculture Commissioner Doug Goehring says there hasn’t been any formal dicamba-related complaints, but the state wants to compare this season with the data from previous years. July 10 was the last date dicamba could be applied in North Dakota this year.
New Spring Wheat Variety Available Soon – Twenty First Century Genetics owner and plant breeder Greg Fox is excited about a new spring wheat variety he has developed called Heartland. “We’re looking at a wheat variety with super stand ability and can be managed to get big yields, in the 100 bushel area, with high protein and a good test weight,” says Fox. “We also think it will have a good scab reaction.” Fox says the variety is special and he plans to patent the technology. “Patenting allows you to sell the seed on a certified seed only basis. It’s good for supporting a small breeding business like ours.” The variety is available spring 2020.
State Agriculture Department Working on Being “A Connector” – The economic challenges in farm country right now not only include trade tensions and commodity prices, but also relate to farm stress. In a tough economy, Minnesota Department of Agriculture Assistant Commissioner Whitney Place says the state’s role is to be a connector. “We have a lot of existing programs that came out of the 1980s. There is the farm advocates program and there are also Rural Finance Authority programs that help farms restructure debt,” says Place. “We’ve also focused on getting into local communities and training leaders to identify areas of stress or mental health symptoms in others. The Farm and Rural Stress hotline that is available 24/7 for anyone wanting to talk about issue they are having.” These farm stress resources can be found here.
Showcasing North Dakota Soybean Production – Soybean production in North Dakota has changed drastically over the past 20 years, becoming one of the top ten soybean producing states as acres increase. North Dakota Soybean Council Executive Director Stephanie Sinner says it was exciting to showcase that during the United Soybean Board Meeting, as well as gain insight on the board’s forward movement. “The soybean industry is facing some critical decisions this year,” says Sinner. ‘As we all know, 2019 has been an interesting year for weather. So we’re really looking forward to the next three to five years and make sure we’re meeting the needs of the next generation of soybean farmers.” Hear more in this interview.
USB is Working to Diversify the Soybean Portfolio – U.S. soybean farmers are facing multiple headwinds, including weather and trade difficulties. With these unique times, opportunities arise that might not otherwise arise. That was United Soybean Board CEO Polly Ruhland’s message to over 200 farmer directors, staff and guests gathered in Fargo for the summer board meeting. “At the checkoff, we’ve thought about how to diversify the soybean portfolio,” says Ruhland. “We’re looking not only to expand our international markets beyond mature markets, but also into the industrial use area. That includes soy asphalt and soy-based plastics.” Listen to the interview with Ruhland.
Equity Drive Continues for Crookston Soybean Crush Facility – Epitome Energy is still in the process of securing funding for the proposed crush facility in Crookston, Minnesota. “We knew 10 years ago if a project came in and you needed 50 percent equity, that’s about $75 million for us, you could have raised a large portion of that from the local growers,” says Epitome Energy President and CEO Dennis Egan. “With this current economy, it’s just not there. We’ve hired a firm called Finish Line. We are really confident having them on board.” Funding may also come from the east and west coast. Egan says there is also a good team in place to run the plant, with an “exciting announcement” coming up in August. Listen to the story.
AGP Crush Facility Holds Grand Opening in Aberdeen – Last week, AGP held an invite-only grand opening of the soybean processing facility in Aberdeen. AGP Vice President of Member Relations Matt Caswell says the facility should be open shortly. “In days or weeks. We’re in the final phases of construction,” says Caswell. “The bins at the facility are full. Now we’re just doing the end of the project, testing and coordination to get the facility ready to run.” The processing facility should be operating come harvest.
CHS Releases 3Q Financials – For the first nine months of the year, CHS reports net income of nearly $651 million. That compares to $535.5 million a year ago. Income for the third quarter totaled $55 million, down from nearly $182 million for the same period last year. CHS President and CEO Jay Debertin says the delayed planting season and an uncertain trade environment continue to be factors. With tight margins continuing in agriculture, CHS has increased its loan loss reserves. “Our approach is to make sure we’ve got the balance sheets set for what could be a challenging time; it is just prudent balance sheet management.”
Record Quarter for Canadian Pacific Railway – Canadian Pacific Railway is reporting record second quarter revenues of nearly $2 billion. Net income was $724 million, up from $436 million last year. Traffic increased in all categories, with grain shipments at the third highest level ever for CP.
Late Spring Influences Bottomline for Syngenta – For the first half of its fiscal year, Syngenta reports net income of $798 million. That compares $1.2 billion last year. In North America, crop protection sales were down 14 percent. Seed sales declined 16 percent; both influenced by the extreme weather conditions that delayed planting and reduced acreage.
Punitive Damages Reduced in Roundup Lawsuit – In a lawsuit that links the use of Roundup to cancer, the federal judge has cut the punitive damages. The jury awarded the California man $80 million in punitive damages, but the judge dropped that down to $20 million. The judge said Monsanto deserves to be punished, but the punitive damages award went beyond constitutional limits. Bayer, which now owns Monsanto, called this “a step in the right direction,” but still plans to appeal this case.
Bayer to Relocate Headquarters – Bayer is moving its crop science division headquarters to the St. Louis area. This will move about 500 jobs from Raleigh, North Carolina to St. Louis. The timeline for the relocation was not provided. The announcement follows the completion of Bayer’s acquisition of Monsanto.
Top Ten Fertilizer Retailers Highlighted – According to CropLife magazine, the top ten fertilizer retailers generated more than $8 billion in revenue last year. Nutrien Ag Solutions was ranked as the largest retailer in the fertilizer business. Helena Agri-Enterprises, GROWMARK, CHS and Wilbur-Ellis round out the top five.
Deere Now Connected to WinField United Data Silo – WinField United’s Answer Tech Data Silo is now assessible through John Deere equipment. Farmers who use the built-in technology found in Deere equipment can now filter that information to this cloud-based data management system. The technology is designed to streamline workflow, update information automatically and protect the data.
A Precision Agriculture Collaboration – Land O’Lakes SUSTAIN and AGCO are working together promote precision agriculture tools. Land O’Lakes SUSTAIN provides farmers the resources to track progress on every acre they farm. The new collaboration with AGCO builds on an existing relationship between the equipment manufacturer and WinField United, which is part of Land O’Lakes.
Crary Industries Brings Infinity Rotor to Market – Crary Industries, which is based in West Fargo, has introduced the Infinity Rotor. This rotor is designed for use in any harvest condition and excels in sandy and dusty environments. The Infinity Rotor has a three times increase in life over standard steel rotors, limiting downtime.
ND Farmers Markets and Growers Association Update – In the Bottineau, North Dakota area, Keith Knudson raises perch, blue gill, trout and a variety of herbs for the local farmers market. Hear more the latest North Dakota Farmers Markets and Growers Association update.
From Harlem, NY to the MDA – The newest member of the Minnesota Department of Agriculture executive team is Assistant Commissioner Patrice Bailey, who oversees several departments, including outreach, ag marketing and development, dairy and meat inspection and food safety. “We have value-added and livestock grants available. I want to get the word out about these grants so people know there is help out there.” Originally from Harlem, New York, Bailey took his mother’s educational advice and now sees agriculture in a whole different light. “I wanted to go to law school,” says Bailey. “My mom said there are too many lawyers and that I should find a profession that I can feed myself in any part of the world I may find myself. I asked ‘What is that?’ and she said agriculture.”
CLAAS Names Its First Ever CEO – When its new fiscal year begins October 1, CLAAS is changing its management structure. That change includes the naming of the company’s first CEO. Thomas Bock, who has been with CLAAS since 2006, will fill that role. Hermann Lohbeck, who has been the Speaker of the Group Executive Board, is leaving the company.
Smith Takes Over at Farm Credit Administration – Glen Smith is succeeding Dallas Tonsager as the chairman and CEO of the Farm Credit Administration. Smith is an Iowa farmer who has served on the FCA board. Tonsager, who is a South Dakota native, passed away in May.
Former ITC Chairman Takes on New Trade Policy Role – A Minnesota native has joined Americans for Prosperity as its first trade policy fellow. Dan Pearson is a former chairman of the International Trade Commission and ran his own trade consulting business. Previously, Pearson was in public affairs for Cargill and was an agricultural legislative assistant to Minnesota Senator Rudy Boschwitz. Pearson also farmed in the Ogilvie, Minnesota area.
Positive Changes Ahead for MN Soybean Growers Association – Minnesota Soybean Growers Association President Jamie Beyer is embracing her new leadership role. Beyer says the grower board is going through changes. “We’re trying to become more family friendly for our board members and trying to offer opportunities for more networking,” said Beyer. “We’ll also bring in more lawmakers to tell us about their campaigns and plans. The format will change and it will be positive.” Beyer also says trade and the weather are the two biggest challenges facing Minnesota growers. Listen to the interview.
Haag Reelected – Eden Valley, Minnesota farmer Tom Haag has been reelected to the National Corn Board. Haag is a past president of the Minnesota Corn Growers Association. The election took place at the Corn Congress in Washington, D.C.
Northrup Wraps Up Presidency with ILIA – North Dakota Stockmen’s Association Chief Brand Inspector Blaine Northrup has wrapped up his year as president of the International Livestock Identification Association. Northrup was recognized during the group’s annual conference in Calgary. Traceability was a major issue for the International Livestock Identification Association this past year.
Senator Westrom Receives Lifetime Award – During the Midwest Farm Energy Conference, State Senator Torrey Westrom was given a Lifetime Leadership and Service Award. The award recognizes Westrom work on renewable energy research. Westrom chairs the Minnesota Senate Agriculture Committee and is a founding member of the University of Minnesota West Central Research and Outreach Center’s Renewable Energy Program.
Me-Versus-We Philosophy Highlighted at MN Wheat Reunion – Minnesota wheat and barley growers came together Tuesday for a family reunion of sorts, with past leaders sharing their memories. Dave Torgerson, who retired after more than 30 years with Minnesota Wheat, says the association has always been focused on its members. “They had a choice between St. Paul and Red Lake Falls (for their headquarters) and they choose Red Lake Falls,” said Torgerson. “Do you know why? It was close to the farmers and the central wheat growing area. From the very beginning it has been about the growers.” Torgerson emphasized Minnesota Wheat has a ‘we-versus-me’ philosophy. “Together with corn and soybeans and North Dakota, we’re all stronger. The programs that we work together on are so much better than what can be done alone.” The Minnesota Wheat Research and Promotion Council donated $25,000 to the Your Source of Growth Fund on behalf of Dave and Mary Torgerson. This foundation funds leadership development programs in northwest Minnesota.
Last Week’s Trivia- Garth Brooks is the country singer that is known for ‘Unanswered Prayers,’ ‘The Dance,’ and ‘Friends in Low Places.’ Bob Lebacken of RML Trading tops our trivia charts, winning this past week’s trivia challenge. Paul Sproule of Sproule Farms, Chelsea Vilchis of Canterbury Park, Jason Rominski of Jason Rominski Auctioneers and Linda Skelly of Columbia Grain earn runner-up honors. The ‘first 20’ rounds out with Dianne Bettin of LB Pork, Kelly Kliner of Simplot Grower Solutions, Mark Dahlen of Benson County Farm Service Agency, Mark Bernard of AgroEconomics, Edgeley-Kulm FFA Advisor Anna Kemmer, Ron Claussen of Ag Media Research, Royalton farmer Darrell Larsen, Ron Dvergsten of Northland Farm Business Management, Mark Haugland of Bayer, Harvey farmer Bill Ongstad, Carver County feedlot officer Alan Langseth, Norm Groot of Monterey County Farm Bureau, Dennis Duvall of Dakota Environmental, James Altringer of CHS Dakota Plains Ag and Vince Restucci of R.D. Offutt Farms.
This Week’s Trivia- How many holes are there in a full round of golf? Send your answer to email@example.com.
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FarmNetNews is a production of the Red River Farm Network. RRFN is based in Grand Forks, North Dakota and provides news to farmers and ranchers across Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota.